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A Summary of New Jersey's Hazardous Waste Management Program



The impetus for NJ's comprehensive cradle-to-grave waste management program, adopted under the NJ Solid Waste Management Act (NJSA 13:1 E-1), was the need for the development of a comprehensive regulatory program aimed at controlling the transportation, handling, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. New Jersey's hazardous waste management regulations closely parallel the federal hazardous waste regulations which were mandated by the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976.

New Jersey has recently rewritten their hazardous waste management regulations and they now appear as NJAC 7:26G. Such regulations provide information on:
  1. How to identify and list hazardous wastes;
  2. The requirements for generators of hazardous waste;
  3. The requirements for transporters of hazardous waste;
  4. The standards for hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities; and
  5. The permit requirements for TSD facilities.

Generator Categories
Generators whose actions or processes produce hazardous waste are categorized as follows:

Generator Status
Monthly Production
(non-acutely
hazardous waste)
Total Volume
Accumulation
Limit
On Site
Accumulation Time
LQG:
Large Quantity
Generator
1000 kg/month
or more (see note on
acute haz waste
no limit 90 days or less
SQG:
Small Quantiity
Generator
more than 100 kg/month
but less than
1000 kg/month
less than
6000 kg
180 days or less;
270 days if waste
is to be
transported over a
distance of 200 miles
CESQG:
Conditionally
Exempt Small
Quantity
Generator
no more than
100 kg/month
less than 1000 kgNo time restriction
if quantity restrictions
are met

Note: 1 kg of acute hazardous waste, 100 kg residue or clean up of acute waste puts site into LQG status.


Issues of concern to the regulated generator include:
  1. Classifying the waste. A waste is hazardous if it is:
    • a listed waste, (Hazardous waste from non-specific sources, F wastes), (Hazardous waste from specific sources, K wastes), (Commercial chemical products, P&U wastes);
    • a mixture of a solid waste and one or more hazardous wastes listed;
    • a spill cleanup of a hazardous waste;
    • a residue of a hazardous waste in a container or inner liner that is not empty;
    • a residue remaining in a container or inner liner that held an acutely hazardous waste that is not empty.
    • In addition, a waste is hazardous if it displays one of the following characteristics:
      1. Ignitablity:
        • liquids with a flash point less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit
        • aqueous mixtures with more than 24% alcohol having a flash point of less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit
        • solids that can ignite under standard conditions.
      2. Corrosivity. Corrosive wastes are:
        • liquids that have a pH less than or equal to 2.0 or greater than or equal to 12.5,
        • liquids that corrode steel at a rate greater than .25 inches per year at a test temp of 130 degrees Fahrenheit.
      3. Reactivity. Reactive wastes:
        • contain cyanide or sulfides which can generate toxic fumes if exposed to pH conditions between 2.0 and 12.5,
        • react violently to form potentially explosive mixtures or can generate toxic gases if mixed with water,
        • are normally unstable and reactively undergo violent change without detonating,
        • can detonate or explode if heated or exposed to a strong initiating source,
        • can detonate or explode under standard conditions,
        • are classified by the federal DOT as explosive, forbidden from transport, or a class A or Class B explosive as defined at 49 CFR 173.51, 173.53, or 173.88.
      4. After performance of a TCLP, the extract contains one of 38 organic compounds, 8 metals, 4 pesticides, and 2 herbicides listed.

  2. Obtaining an EPA Identification number from EPA region II.
  3. Complying with the standards for accumulation.
  4. Obtaining a TSD (Treatment Storage and Disposal) permit if hazardous waste is stored on property for more than 90 days.
  5. Labeling containers.
  6. Utilizing the Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest.

For hazardous wastes shipped off regulated sites:
  1. Label, mark, and package the waste according to EPA and USDOT regulations;
  2. Prepare a properly completed manifest for off-site treatment, storage or disposal;
  3. Utilize transporters having proper EPA identification numbers and appropriate hauler registration authorization from NJDEP;
  4. Provide appropriate placards for the hauler;
  5. Assure through the manifest system, that the waste arrives at the authorized hazardous waste TSD facility designated by the generator;
  6. Report to the department any shipments that do not reach the facility designated on the manifest.

Further Information
  • To get manifests: (609)-777-1038 or (609)-777-1039
  • Questions on solid wastes: (609)-984-6880
  • Questions on solid and hazardous waste regulations: (609)-292-8341
  • Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste: (609)-984-6880
  • NJDEP's BBS (a modem and a PC are required): (609)-292-2006


Copyright © 1999
www.njit.edu/njtap
All rights reserved.
   
New Jersey Technical Assistance Program for Industrial Pollution Prevention ·
138 Warren Street · Newark, NJ 07102-1982 ·
Phone: 973-596-5864 · Fax: 973-596-6367 · Email: njtap@megahertz.njit.edu